Wednesday, December 21, 2022

Ephesians | Session 12 | 5:1-7

In our study today, Paul is still focusing on the practical for how a child of God should be living as imitators of God and not the lost world around them.

Chapter 5

Verse 1: Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children. Paul continues to be practical. The word followers means to be imitators. In other words, we are to be imitators of God as dear children. Just as a child would imitate their earthly fathers, so we should imitate our heavenly Father.

 

Verse 2: And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. Notice that the believer is to walk in the love that Christ had for us. Just think about what it means to love with that kind of love. He went to the cross for us. He was wrongly accused for us. As such, he is to be out standard and not those around us. Paul said in 2 Corinthians 10:12, For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.

 

The rest of the verse demonstrates how much Christ loved us in that he gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. We are to walk in that same love. Again, that is a tall order for sure.

 

Verse 3: But sexual immorality and all impurity or covetousness must not even be named among you, as is proper among saints. Now he lists sins that should not be named among believers. The first is fornication. This could also be translated as immorality which includes all sexual sin. There are five that are mentioned in the Scriptures. These include adultery, fornication, bestiality, incest, and homosexuality. Uncleanness speaks of any kind of impurity, and Covetousness speaks to holding on to or desiring more, or just plain old greed. None of these things should be named among them as becometh saints. Becometh can be translated as fitting or proper.

 

As proper among the saints could be a reference to the believing Jews as we have discussed before. If so, it means that believers should not do the above listed things just as Law abiding Jews do not do them. Of course, they motivation is the keeping of the Law, and ours should be just because we are told not to.  

 

Verse 4: Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. Filthiness means obscene which speaks of the portrayal or description of sexual matters. Foolish talking speaks of silly talk or buffoonery. Jesting speaks of turning words in a negative sense or twisting them in a vulgar sense. We call it innuendo today and it is very prevalent in our society. Finally, not convenient means appropriate. In other words, instead of doing the afore mentioned things, we should be giving thanks. Albert Barnes puts in this way, “Instead of filthiness, foolish talk, and jesting, we should be using that time in the service of God.”

 

Verse 5: For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. Paul seems to be making a reference to verse 3 and just reiterating the fact that believers should not be involved in sexual immorality, impurity, and covetousness. Also, he appears to be making a comparison with believing Jews who were under the Law and those believers who were not. He doesn’t appear to be questioning their salvation, just their behavior.

 

Verse 6-7: Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Be not ye therefore partakers with them. This verse seems to be targeted at someone specifically that was spreading this stuff. Paul had dealt with this issue of how to deal with troublemakers before in Romans 16:17-18, “Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them. For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.”; Titus 3:10-11, “A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; 11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself,”; and in 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15, And if any man obey not our word by this epistle, note that man, and have no company with him, that he may be ashamed. Yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.”

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Monday, December 5, 2022

Ephesians | Session 11 | 4:28-32

Today we still find ourselves in the book of Ephesians looking at verses 28-32 as new material. In these verses, Paul continues to focus on the practical as to how a believer should be walking in their faith and not as "other Gentiles."

Verse 28: Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. Paul uses the example of thievery to make his point about the change that should have taken place in the believer.

Verse 29: Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers. Another example of how we as believers should act. Again, these actions do not save us, but they should be the biproduct of our salvation and our putting on the new man (verse 4:24). Our words to others should be edifying and not destructive, and I know that this can be done if we are walking in the Spirit (Galatians 5:16), putting on the new man.

Verse 30: And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. In 1:13, it speaks of a sealing as well. There is also a sealing mentioned in Revelation 7 that protects against physical harm. This sealing is obviously not from physical harm, but it is obviously a spiritual one, i.e., eternal security (Colossians 2:10).

Also, as we have paid close attention to the pronoun throughout this study, there must be a difference between what is said in Ephesians 1:13-14 and here. The nation was sealed by the holy Spirit of promise which was an earnest of their inheritance until their redemption, while we in the Body of Christ have been sealed with the Holy Spirit at the moment of our salvation. Again, just trying to stay consistent in interpretation.

Verse 31: Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: This verse presents a bit of challenge because of the last three words, with all malace. Most translations make it look like it is one another vice like the ones mentioned before. However, the KJV makes it seem like it is merely referring to the ones before. With this rendering, it means that none of the before should be done with the intention or desire to do evil. This would make sense considering verse 26 in which Paul said that we can be angry without actually sinning.

Verse 32: And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you. Instead, Paul says that it is better to be kind to one another, tenderhearted, and forgiving just as Christ has forgiven us. Which leads right into the next chapter.


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Ephesians | Session 10 | 4:18-27

In our study today we continue in the book of Ephesians where Paul begins talking about practical matters regarding how believers should walk in their faith. He does this by looking at how the unbelieving walk and why they do so.

Verses 18-19: Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart: Who being past feeling have given themselves over unto lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness. He goes on to describe these Gentiles as doing so because their understanding has been darkened, and consequently, they have been alienated from the life of God because of their ignorance and blindness to the truth. The latter part about giving themselves over to lasciviousness, to work all uncleannes with greediness is a reference to sexual sins and other vices and reminds me of Romans 1:18-25.

Verses 20-21: But ye have not so learned Christ; If so be that ye have heard him, and have been taught by him, as the truth is in Jesus: He is now comparing those who are vain in their thinking (verse 17) with those who have learned Christ. The NIV translates it come to know Christ that way. In words he is speaking to those who heard him, and have been taught by him. Of course, this today happens through the Word. As such, we know that truth is in Jesus (John 14:6).

Verses 22-23: That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts; And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; His point is that the believer who has learned Christ, heard him, taught by him, and come to the understanding that the truth is in Jesus, should live differently and not according to their deceitful lusts (1 John 2:15-17).

Notice that the lusts are deceitful. In other words, we should not live like we used to with this newfound knowledge. Instead, we are to be renewed in the spirit of our minds. Why? - Because the former was corrupt. The word renewed is to be renovated or reformed (2 Corinthians 4:16; Colossians 3:10).

Verse 24: And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. I can't help but notice that the renewing and the putting on of the new man requires action on our part. I have found that nothing in this walk merely happens by osmosis which is the idea of a gradual or unconscious assimilation of ideas, knowledge, etc. Our walk with the Lord does not happen like that at all.

Verse 25: Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another. Wherefore means in lieu of the previous mentioned. Having put on the new man, we must put away lying, speak the truth, because we are members of one another now.

Verses 26-27: Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: Neither give place to the devil. This verse is not saying that we are not to be angry, but to not let it lead us into sin by letting the sun go down on it, thereby giving place to the devil in our lives. The verse follows verse 25 which spoke of speak truth to every man because we are members of one another. The point is that we are not to let our anger boil over and get worse. Instead, we are to put away lying and speak the truth.

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Ephesians | Session 9 | 4:12-17

In our study today we continue looking at Paul's words to the Ephesian believers trying to identify exactly who he was addressing, the purpose of the offices or gifts listed in verse 11, and the importance of being grounded in the Word of God.

Verse 12: For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: The stated goal of these gifts was for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ. Those who hold that these were given to the Kingdom church only will use the word "saints" as proof.

Again, the view would be that God gave these gifts to the kingdom church to lay the groundwork for the Body of Christ. That is similar to what he said in Ephesians 2:19-22.

Verse 13: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ: Again, the point of the gifts was unification of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God.

Verses 14-16: That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love. 

Notice and carried about with every wind of doctrine, sleight of men, cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive. Paul told Timothy in 1 Timothy 4:1 that seducing spirits are behind all of this.

It was to be a unity and knowledge that would cause them to be no more children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctrine, but instead (verse15) speaking the truth in love (verse 16) from whom the whole body is joined together, growing, and healthy. This portion of Scripture sounds very familiar with 1 Timothy 4:1-16.

From verses 17-32, Paul gives practical instructions regarding how believers should walk.

Verse 17: This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, Pretty obvious from the text that he is transitioning back to the Gentiles and is encouraging them not to walk as others do in the vanity of their minds.

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Ephesians | Session 8 | 4:1-11

In today’s study we see Paul transitioning from doctrinal to practical. His subject is, now that he has explained the mystery and the manifold wisdom of God that was previously hid in Christ, this is how we as believers in Jesus Christ should be walking.

Chapter 4:1: I therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you that ye walk worthy of the vocation wherewith ye are called, Just as in Paul's other epistles, he transitions from the doctrinal to the practical with the word therefore (Romans 12:1; Colossians 3:5). In other words, now that you know the mystery, the manifold wisdom of God, this is how you should live.

The word beseech means to call or invite. The word worthy is anxious which means to deserving or due reward. The word vocation speaks more of a calling than a career as it is commonly used today. Paul also loves the word therefore to express in lieu of all that I have previously stated.

Verses 2-3: With all lowliness and meekness, with longsuffering, forbearing one another in love; Endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. In these verses he goes on to tell them five things regarding walking worthy.

It is to be done in 1. lowliness (humility); 2. meekness (gentleness); 3. longsuffering (patience); 4. forbearing (self-control or refraining); and 4. endeavoring (concerted effort) to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. It is possible because of the common love and the bond of peace that we share. The word bond speaks of a uniting principle.

Verses 4-6: There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; One Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. In these verses he goes on to tell them seven reasons why they should walk worthy. These include because there is only one body, one Spirit (2:18, 22), one hope of your calling, i.e., rapture/return, Titus 2:13, which should be a unifying event, one Lord, one faith, one baptism (Galatians 2:16), one God and Father who is above, through and in you all.

Verse 7: But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. The point is that God has given every believer his favor for each of us to live as we ought to and to walk worthy (verse 1).

Does this mean that he has given more to some than to others? I believe that he is simply saying that every one of us have been given enough grace to fulfill God's purposes and callings in our lives (Romans 12:3; John 1:16). Remember that grace can also be interpreted as gift.

Verse 8: Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. Paul now quotes from Psalms 68:18. Remember that the context is the gifts that he just in the previous verses. As such, whatever he is quoting is to make his point. In context, the Psalmist is speaking in the future tense when Christ will reign after taking back what belongs to him.

The phrase led captivity captive in these verses speak of him triumphing over his enemies by the resurrection from the dead (Ephesians 1:18-22). The picture would be that of a Roman Triumph which was a celebration of the success of a military commander. On the day of his triumph, the successful general would wear a crown of laurel and an all-purple, gold-embroidered triumphal toga picta ("painted" toga), regalia that identified him as near-divine or near-kingly. In some accounts, his face was painted red, perhaps in imitation of Rome's highest and most powerful god, Jupiter. The general rode in a four-horse chariot through the streets of Rome in unarmed procession with his army, captives, and the spoils of his war and at Jupiter's temple on the Capitoline Hill, he offered sacrifice and the tokens of his victory to the god Jupiter.

The order of the procession would be the captive leaders, allies, and soldiers (and sometimes their families) usually walking in chains; some were destined for execution or slavery. All this was done to the accompaniment of music, clouds of incense, and the strewing of flowers. This most likely what Paul was talking about in 2 Corinthians 2:14-16.

It is important to note that Paul did not quote the passage precisely. The Psalmist said thou hast received gifts for men while Paul said and gave gifts unto men. So, one says received while the other gave. He must be saying that what he received, he was now giving, i.e., grace gifts (verse 7, 11). Again, the point and context is gifts.

Now, for years, I have taught that those captives being referred to were those who were in paradise who had died before the resurrection. Not so sure about that view now. He seems to be referring to his enemies instead.

Verses 9-10: (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? He that descended is the same also that ascended up far above all heavens, that he might fill all things.) It must be noted that these verses are parenthetical. That means that verse 8 runs directly into verse 11. This verse simply speaking of Christ's death, burial, and resurrection.

Unlike what the Apostle’s Creed says, Jesus did not descend into Hell, but Hades; the place of the dead (Luke 16:19-31). Hell is where men go after the judgment and that has not happened yet, therefore, it was empty then and it is empty now.

Verse 11: And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; These are some of the gifts that were given unto men. Apostles laid the foundation, prophets foretold and forthtold, evangelists had the gift of evangelism, pastors oversaw a flock, and teachers taught the Word. Some contend that the last two are one and the same.

Also, some are quick to point out that these are not gifts, but positions that were given to administer the gifts. Others will content that they were transitory because of the past tense of the word gave. Even if you don't believe they were all transitory, most in conservative circles will acknowledge that at least apostles and prophets were, therefore, affectively splitting the baby.

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